When World War One started, Wittgenstein joined the Austrian army and was posted on the russian front, and then, in northern Italy. He was in a prisoner-of-war camp until 1919. After getting out of prison, Wittgenstein gave away his substantial inheritance and went to teach in rural Austria. By 1929, he returned to Cambridge where he remained until 1947. During World War Two he served in a hospital.
As for his influence in the field of philosophy, the following quotes will suffice:
[Wittgenstein] was undoubtedly the most charismatic figure of 20th-century philosophy, living and writing with a power and intensity thst frequently overwhelmed his contemporaries and readers. Bjorn's Guide to Philosophy
[Wittgenstein] was one of the most original and influential philosophers of the 20th century. Grolier EncyclopediaWittgenstein's first published work Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921), attempted to uncover a logical form of thought. The chaos of language had to be sterilized, neutralized, made clear and unambiguous. Although the theories developed in this work were later revised and rejected in the later Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein's work did to classical philosophy what Copernicus did to classical science. The classics, so to speak, were rendered nonsense by both.
An interesting team note: Wittgenstein reportedly had argued at lectures in Cambridge in 1939 with the mathematician Alan Turing. However, it was Wittgenstein, in his capacity as General Manager who went out and signed Turing for the 1995 season.
YEAR TEAM ERA IP Won Lost Win Pct SO ---- --------------- ------ ---- ------ ------ --------- ------ Wittgenstein, Ludwig Cosmic Playing Record 1983 Ionians 4.79 62 3 1 .750 25 1985 Ionians 3.52 92 4 6 .400 59 TOTALS 4.16 154 7 7 .575 84 Cosmic Coaching 1987 Ionian Pitching Coach 1989 Ionian Pitching Coach 1990 Ionian Pitching Coach 1991 Ionian Pitching Coach Wittgenstein was named General Manager in 1992
The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen
1994 Lecture Notes: Wittgenstein
Brian Carver's Wittgenstein Website
Wittgenstein Think Page
Welcome to Wittgenstein and his Children.
Tractatus of the Day
Wittgenstein and Scientific Knowledge
Wittgenstein and the Cub Scouts
Wittgenstein and Hypertext
The Little Wittgenstein Shrine
Grolier Encyclopedia Bio of Wittgenstein