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The Difference Between Astronomy and Astrology by Larry BrownThe Difference Between Astronomy and Astrology by Larry Brown

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The twelve conventional signs that comprise the conventional horoscope played a cosmic baseball game against the nine known and verified planets plus the sun and the moon and including the newest observed planet, yet unnamed and identified as 2003UB313. (There is speculation in the planetary naming community that suggests the name of the new planet will be "Xena.")

The science of astronomy is interested in the travels of celestial objects such as planets and their moons. Astronomers measure density, volume, and the mass of various objects in the sky. Astrology attempts to relate celestial objects and movements with human activities. Astrology is a metaphysical science, if it is a science at all. Astronomy is a natural or physical science.

The Law of Correspondences ("as above, so below") is the basis for much of the inter-relationships between the science of astrophysics and the metaphysics of astrology. The direct purpose of this cosmic baseball contest was to determine if, on a level playing field, the astrological signs could compete with the astronomical planets.

The results of this cosmic game suggest that astrology and its occult brethren are no more than a variety of pseudoscience.

Astrology is not a science. Astrology is not based upon collected data and carefully controlled, objective observations...Astrology has not discovered any celestial objects - indeed, it is not clear that astrology has discovered or revealed anything at all about our universe. (Austin Cline, Your Guide to Agnosticism / Atheism)

In recent years properly controlled experiments have failed to sustain many of astrology's claims, and have shown beyond doubt that much of its apparent validity can be explained by the demonstrable gullibility of practitioners and clients alike. (History of Astrology- "Into the Twentieth Century")

However, The Law of Correspondences is one of the foundations of astrology, and one of the reasons why astrology is supposed to work. The law states, "As above, so below. As within, so without. As the universe, so the soul."

Astrology is the study of the cycles of the planets. Astrology does not claim that the planets have any direct impact on individuals in any way, shape, or form. Where the planet Jupiter is today in the sky has absolutely no effect on our existence. So why does astrology work? It works because the same force that moves the planets also moves us. We are all part of the universe, and we all follow the same cycles and patterns. It is difficult, however, to discover the patterns in our lives directly; but by observing the regular cycles of the planets, we can understand the nature of the cycles, and learn how we, too, are a part of those universal cycles. This is a demonstration of the Law of Correspondences. (The Laws of Astrology, New Worlds Issue: NW012)

Names of the Planets

When the Greeks first recognized [the planets] they called them Herald of the Dawn (Venus, noted even by Homer for its brightness, although sometimes it was called Vespertine, as the star of the evening), the Twinkling Star (Mercury), the Fiery Star (Mars), the Luminous Star (Jupiter), and the Brilliant Star (Saturn). But after the 4th century, these names begin to disappear, and others take their place - Aphrodite, Hermes, Ares, Zeus and Cronos. It seems almost certain that the reason is that by then the Chaldeans had arrived with their barbaric names for the planets - Nebo, Ishtar, Nergal, Marduk and Ninib. The Greeks simply substituted their own deities' names for the foreign ones - so today we call the planets by names that are English renderings of Latin translations of Greek translations of the original Babylonian ones! (History of Astrology- "Through the Doors of Greece")

New Planets

Nineteenth Century astrology had to assimilate the newly encountered/discovered planets. No longer would the five old known planets be exclusive or dominant in matters astrological. . Uranus was discovered in 1781 and Neptune in 1846 (Pluto was added in 1930.) The discovery of these planets was another handy weapon for the anti-astrological camp - but astrologers replied that rather than creating new problems, they solved old ones. Looking at a horoscope of, say, Queen Elizabeth I or one of the Caesars, it was clear that there were some elements of the character which were not to be accounted for by the positions of the planets known to ancient astrologers. These were obviously the result of the influence of those planets recently discovered, and if they were filled into the old birth charts, the picture was much more complete. (History of Astrology- "Towards the Dark")

The Planets at the Cosmic Baseball Association
In 1998 the Solar City Planets defeated the Apollowtown Muses, 4-2, in a personal cosmic baseball game. At that time the planets consisted of the nine then-known planets and the Sun and the Moon. Although these two latter entities are not planets they are important celestial objects in our solar system.


Official Team Rosters

Rookie Planet
In the American Astronomical Society's Astrophysical Journal dated December 10, 2005 there is an article entitled "Discovery of a Planetary-sized Object in the Scattered Kuiper Belt". The article essentially announces the discovery of a new planet, one that is the "largest known object in orbit beyond [the planet] Neptune." On the internet the article, in Portable Document format is contained in a file named, xena.pdf. However officially the new planet is identified as 2003UB313.

Link to NASA page on 2003UB313





Cosmic Players

Astrology relies on an illusion in thinking called personal validation. This depends on the selective nature of memory. If we believe something is so, we tend to remember the events that support it, and for get those which don't. The result is a growing feeling of conviction. (Astrology Fact Sheet, North Texas Skeptics).

The Forer effect seems to explain, in part at least, why so many people think that pseudosciences "work". Astrology, astrotherapy, biorhythms, cartomancy, chiromancy, the enneagram, fortune telling, graphology, etc., seem to work because they seem to provide accurate personality analyses. Scientific studies of these pseudosciences demonstrate that they are not valid personality assessment tools, yet each has many satisfied customers who are convinced they are accurate...The most common explanations given to account for the Forer effect are in terms of hope, wishful thinking, vanity and the tendency to try to make sense out of experience, though Forer's own explanation was in terms of human gullibility. People tend to accept claims about themselves in proportion to their desire that the claims be true rather than in proportion to the empirical accuracy of the claims as measured by some non-subjective standard. (The Forer Effect [also known as The Barnum Effect], Skeptics Dctionary)

What then, if anything, distinguishes science from non-scientific belief systems such as astrology? Some have argued that science involves a rational progress towards the truth, but historians of science have questioned this. Others have suggested that science uses a method of falsification and subjects its theories to testing, and this makes it rational to believe it. Yet others question the high status of science in contemporary society and think that our faith in science is simply a contemporary religion. (from a brochure published by the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority )

     Inn. 1: Signs
[Starter] Neptune
Virgo             7          . . .
Sagittarius       1B         . . X
Scorpio           K          . . X
Cancer            8          . . X
     Inn. 1: Planets
[Starter] Pisces
Pluto             1B         . . X
Saturn            2B         X X .
Mercury           6-3        X X .
Venus             4-3        X . . 1
Uranus            K          X . .
     Inn. 2: Signs
Leo               BB         . . X
                  WP         . X .
Libra             BB         . X X
Capricorn         BB         X X X
Aries             8 SACF     . X X 1
Pisces            5-3 SAC    X X .
Virgo             4-3        X X .
     Inn. 2: Planets
2003UB313         2B         . X .
Jupiter           3B         X . . 1
Mars              E-1        . . X 1
Neptune           1-3 SAC    . X .
Pluto             1-3        . X .
Saturn            K          . X .
     Inn. 3: Signs
Sagittarius       1B         . . X
Scorpio           1B         . X X
Cancer            3-6 F      X . X
Leo               5-4-3 DP   . . .
     Inn. 3: Planets
Mercury           2B         . X .
Venus             6-3        . X .
Uranus            8          . X .
2003UB313         6-3        . X .
     Inn. 4: Signs
Libra             2B         . X .
*EX:Capricorn (for PH)
*PH:Taurus        1B         . . X 1
Aries             3-6-3 DP   . . .
Pisces            4-3        . . .
     Inn. 4: Planets
Jupiter           2B         . X .
Mars              BB         . X X
Neptune           BB         X X X
Pluto             9 SACF     . X X 1
Saturn            4          . X X
Mercury           4-3        X X .
     Inn. 5: Signs
Virgo             E-6        . . X
X@2:Virgo         CS 2-4     . . .
Sagittarius       8          . . .
Scorpio           5-3        . . .
     Inn. 5: Planets
Venus             9          . . .
Uranus            BB         . . X
2003UB313         1B         . X X
Jupiter           2B         X X . 1
Mars              1B         X . X 1
Neptune           K          X . X
Pluto             6          X . X
     Inn. 6: Signs
Cancer            K          . . .
Leo               4-3        . . .
Libra             1B         . . X
Taurus            1B         X . X
Aries             2B         . X . 2
Pisces            2B         . X . 1
Virgo             3B         X . . 1
Sagittarius       BB         X . X
[Relief] Sun
Scorpio           8          X . X
     Inn. 6: Planets
Saturn            K          . . .
Mercury           K          . . .
Venus             8          . . .
     Inn. 7: Signs
Cancer            8          . . .
Leo               6-3        . . .
Libra             K          . . .
     Inn. 7: Planets
Uranus            1B         . . X
2003UB313         3-4 FO     . . X
Jupiter           2B         X X .
Mars              BB         X X X
*EX:Sun (for PH)
*PH:Moon          1B         X X X 1
                  WP         X X . 1
Pluto             K          X X .
Saturn            K          X X .
     Inn. 8: Signs
[Relief] Earth
Taurus            7          . . .
Aries             BB         . . X
Pisces            K          . . X
Virgo             6-3        . X .
     Inn. 8: Planets
Mercury           7          . . .
Venus             K          . . .
Uranus            E-1        . . X
2003UB313         7          . . X
     Inn. 9: Signs
Sagittarius       7          . . .
Scorpio           9          . . .
Cancer            5-3        . . .

Game Notes

Game Time
2 hours, 48 minutes

Game Weather

Sunny, 83o

Game Attendence


Game Umpires

Official Scorer

Most Cosmic Player


No. 418.6

Related Links

Now constellations, Muse and signs rehearse;
In order let them sparkle in thy verse..


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Personal Cosmic Baseball Game
Signs @ Planets (Astrology:Astronomy)
Published: June 18, 2006