Ernesto "Che" Guevara was a Latin American revolutionary and guerilla war theorist. Born in Argentina, and trained as a medical doctor he became politically active during Peron's dicatorship of that country. In 1953 he went to Guatemala to serve in Jacobo Arbenz Guzman's short-lived reign. After Guzman's overthrow in 1954, Che met Fidel Castro and in 1956 he served in Castro's army providing important strategic leadership up until the taking of Havana by Castro's forces on New Year's day, 1959. After the communist takeover of Cuba, Che served in several capacities, including that of Minister of Industry (1961-1965).
In 1965 he left Cuba and went underground to train guerilla forces in Bolivia. In October, 1967, Bolivian government forces captured Che and his gueriila forces near Santa Cruz. Che was executed shortly after his capture.
Che wrote several books about the strategic use of guerilla warfare including Guerilla Warfare, 1961 and Guerilla Warfare: A Method, 1966.