1998 Newshole Muckrakers
Amanpour Buchwald Halberstam Lippmann McCormick Moyers Rather
Twain Wallace Walters
Arnett Bernstein Bowden Cooke Cronkite Hersh Nast
Porter Pyle Sinclair Shirer Thomas Wells Woodward
Manager Coaches G.M. Owner Park
Herodotus Bradlee Murdoch Pulitzer Herodotus Hearst Postrider Park
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The NEWSHOLE MUCKRAKERS is a new cosmic team competing in the cosmic Underleague. The team was created by Bob Greiner and consists of distinguished print and broadcast journalists and publishers.

The word "muckrake" is an American political term first coined by President Theodore Roosevelt in a 1906 speech. Alluding to a character in John Bunyan's allegorical narrative A Pilgrim's Progress, Roosevelt was referring to the habit of journalists who churn up the muck to see what's hidden. Muckrakers seek and publish real and imagined corruption by political and business officials. As such, muckraking is an important part of the democratic process.

Christiane Amanpour


Cable News Network (CNN) reporter.

Peter Arnett


Cable News Network (CNN) reporter.

Carl Bernstein


Former reporter for the Washington Post

Mark Bowden


Philadelphia Inquirer reporter.

Art Buchwald


Political humor columnist

Janet Cooke


Washington Post reporter whose Pulitzer Prize was based on a fabricated story.

Walter Cronkite


Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Television news anchorman.

David Halberstam


Political journalist and author of The Best and the Brightest about the Kennedy presidency.

Seymour Hersh


Investigative journalist.

Walter Lippmann


Longtime columnist on international affairs for the New York Times and the Washington Post.

Anne O'Hare McCormick


New York Times European correspondent and the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize (1937).

Bill Moyers


Political and cultural correspondent for the Public Broadcasting System (PBS)

Thomas Nast


19th century cartoonist who almost brought down Boss Tweed's corrupt Tammany Hall regime in New York.

Charles Porter, IV


Pulitzer Prize-winning freelance photographer who took the photo of the fireman cradling a baby after the Oklahoma City bombing.

Ernest Taylor Pyle


During World War II he covered military operations in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France and the South Pacific. He won the Pultizer Prize in 1944 for his stories conveying the fear and lonliness of American soldiers. Pyle was killed by Japanese gunfire while covering a battle near Okinawa.

Dan Rather


Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Television news anchorman.

William Lawrence Shirer


Journalist who was one of the first to cover the German army early during World War II. He won the 1960 National Book Award for his history of Nazism, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.

Upton Beall Sinclair


His muckraking classic The Jungle (1906) was a graphic account of the meat-packing industry. A lifelong political activist he wrote over 79 books, ran for political office on various socialist tickets and won the Pulitzer Prize for Dragon's Teeth (1942) an account of the rise of Adolph Hitler.

Helen Thomas


White House correspondent for the Associated Press (AP).

Mark Twain


Also known as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, he adopted the name Mark Twain as a reporter for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise in 1862.

Mike Wallace


Television journalist for the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS).

Barbara Walters


Television journalist who started her career after graduating from Sarah Lawrence College in 1961 as a writer for the National Broadcasting Company's (NBC) Today show. She became co-host of the program in 1964. In 1976 she left NBC to work for the American Broadcasting Company (ABC).

Ida Bell Wells


Part owner and editor of the Memphis Free Speech newspaper (1891-1892) in which she launched an anti-lynching crusade. In 1895 she published Red Record, a study of the history of lynching. From 1898 to 1902 she was secretary of the National Afro-American Council. In 1910 she founded the Negro Fellowship League.

Bob Woodward


Investigative reporter for the Washington Post.


Manager & G.M.

Ancient Greek historian called the "father of History". His main work is a history of the Greco-Persian wars from 500 to 479 B.C.

Ben Bradlee


Editor of the Washington Post.

Rupert Murdoch


Media mogul.

Joseph Pulitzer


American journalist and publisher. Founded the school of journalism at Columbia University (1912) and established the Pulitzer prizes "for the encouragement of public service, public morals, American literature, and the advancement of education."

William Randolph Hearst

Team Owner

American newspaper publisher. Inherited the San Francisco Examiner (1887), bought the New York Morning Herald (1895), started the New York Evening Journal (1896). Credited with the development of "yellow journalism."

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Newshole Muckrakers- 1998 Official Team Roster
URL: http://www.cosmicbaseball.com/98nmr.html
Published: February 19
Updated: February 24, 1998
Copyright © 1998 by the Cosmic Baseball Association
email: editor@cosmicbaseball.com