The PLUMBAGO BAY GRAPHITES represent graphic artists, designers, and typographers. The Graphites were created in October, 1996 and they have been commissioned for service in the Cosmic Under League for the 1997 Season.


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Olympic Symbols

Otl Aicher



German graphic designer and typographer. He led the visual design group for the 1972 Munich Olympic Games.

Man With the Golden Arm,

Saul Bass


b. 1920

Graphic designer. Studied at the Art Students League and Brooklyn College. Moved to Hollywood in 1946 and collaborated with Preminger and Hitchcock on film titles.

Corporate Logo:
International Paper Corp.

Lester Beall



American graphic designer responsible for many corporate identity designs. Largely self-taught he did receive a doctorate degree in art history from the University of Chicago. Some of Beall's clients included International Paper Corporation, Martin Marietta, Connecticut General Life Insurance. Beall was the first American graphic designer to be honored with a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1937).

London Underground

Henry C. Beck



Designer of the London Underground diagrammatic map. Original redesign of the route guide was submitted in 1931. Subsequent versions were completed by Beck until 1959.

Bodoni Typeface

Giambattista Bodoni



Designer of the Bodoni typeface around 1785. Bodoni was an innovative designer who lived and worked in Parma, Italy. Characteristic of the Bodoni typeface is the vertical stress and each serif is flat and unbracketed.

End Bad Breath, 1967

Seymour Chwast


b. 1931

American graphic designer and illustrator. Graduated Cooper Union School in 1951. Chwast was a founder of the influential Push Pin Studio. Elected to the Hall of Fame of the Art Directors Club of New York in 1983.

WWI Recruiting Poster

James Montgomery Flagg



American illustrator who designed the memorable "I Want You" recruiting poster. Trained at the Art Students League he also traveled to England and France. He illustrated over 40 war posters.

Mobil Oil Corp.

Tom Geismar


b. 1931

Founding member of the Chermayeff & Geismar, Inc. design practice known for its corporate identity designs. Educated at Yale, Geismar and his partners started their design firm in 1957. In 1983 Chermayeff and Geismar were awarded the Japan Design Foundation's first international design award.

Bob Dylan, c.1960s

Milton Glaser


b. 1929

American graphic designer and illustrator. Co-founded in 1954, with Seymour Chwast, and Edward Sorel the Push Pin Studio in New York. Trained at Cooper-Union (1948-1951), studied etching in Italy under Giorgio Morandi Designed numerous book, record, and magazine covers and posters. Design director of the Village Voice magazine 1975-1977.

Corporate Logo:
CBS, 1951

William Golden



Art director of the Columbia Broadcast System (CBS). Educated at a New York City vocational school. After apprenticing at the Herald-Examiner newspaper in Los Angeles, Golden joined the CBS radio network in 1937. In 1946 he was named creative director. Golden also designed political material for presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson in 1956. The Art Directors Club of New York nominated him Art Director of the Year in 1959.

Peace Symbol

Gerald Holton



English graphic artist and designer of the Peace symbol logo.


Jerzy Janiszewski



Janiszewski designed the Solidarity logo in 1980. Solidarity was an illegal workers union created in Poland which ultimately won legalization in May, 1989 when the Polish people overwhelmingly rejected one-party communist rule. The Solidarity logo quickly became an international symbol representing people's struggle against oppression. As a conceptual image, the use of graffiti-like lettering and the crowded letterspacing suggest people standing together.

Macintosh Icons

Susan Kare


b. 1954

Kare designed the screen fonts for the 1984 first-generation Macintosh computers from the Apple Computer Company. The low-resolution dot pattern of the screen image influenced the letterform design. Kare's use of pictographic icons facilitated the interface between human and machine.

Recruiting Poster, 1914.

Alfred Leete



British illustrator and poster designer. Leete designed a 1914 army recruitment poster featuring Secretary of War Lord Kitchener pointing and saying "Your Country Needs You." Numerous imitations have been made of this concept including James Montgomery Flagg's 1917 "I Want You" poster.

Cover Design:
Avant Garde Magazine

Herb Lubalin



American graphic designer and typographer. Graduated Cooper-Union in 1939. Art director at the firm of Sudler & Hennessey (1945). Set up his own design consultancy, Herb Lubalin, Inc. in 1964. Output embraced advertising, packaging, editorial design, signage, typeface design, postage stamps, etc.

Love, 1970

Peter Max


b. 1937

German-born American artist, poster designer and illustrator. He came to New York in 1953 and studied art and Eastern philosophy. By the age of 30 he was a millionaire as a result of the mass-marketing of his products which included clothing, checkbook covers, posters, cups, etc. His work combined Art Nouveau with psychedelic, Pop and Op art concepts.

Playboy Bunny

Arthur Paul


b. 1925

American designer, illustrator and art director. Trained at the Art Institute in Chicago (1940-1943) and the Institute of Design (1946-1950). In 1953, as a freelance designer, he created the Playboy "Bunny" logotype. He designed the first issue of Playboy magazine (1953) and became its first art director in 1954. In 1986 Paul was elected to the Hall of Fame of the Art Directors Club of New York

Magazine Cover:
Seventeen Magazine

Cipe Pineles


b. 1910

Born in Vienna, Austria, emigrated to the United States in 1923 where she was awarded a scholarship to the Pratt Institute in New York (1927-1931). Utilizing novel graphic design concepts such as sans serif type, cropped imagery, bleed pages, white space, etc. she became one of the more innovative magazine art directors of her time. From 1947-1950 she was the art director of Seventeen magazine. Pineles was the first woman elected to the Hall of Fame of the Art Directors Club of New York (1975)

IBM Corp.

Paul Rand


b. 1915

American graphic designer who was an influential force in the areas of editorial design, advertising and corporate graphics. Trained in New York at the Pratt Institute (1929-1932), Parsons School of Design (1932-1933) and the Art Students League (1933-1934). His clients include International Business Machines, Westinghouse Electric Corporation and the NeXT Computer Company. His famous IBM logo was created in 1956. In 1972 he was elected to the Hall of Fame of the Art Directors Club of New York.


Paul Renner



German book and typeface designer. Trained in Berlin, Karlsruhe and Munich. From 1926 to his dismissal by the Nazis in 1933 he was director of the Munich School for Master Book Publishers. He designed the classic sans serif typeface Futura (1927-1930) for the Bauer foundry.

Sweet's Files

Ladislav Sutnar



Czech-born graphic designer. Taught at the State School of Graphic Arts in Prague (1923-1936). Designed the Czech pavilion exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair. His concepts became influential during the 1970s when the field of information graphics emerged. Author of Package Design: The Force of Visual Selling (1953) and Visual Design in Action: Principles, Purposes (1961).

Pictogram Signs:
1968 Mexico City Olympics

Lance Wyman


b. 1937

American trademark, logotype and typeface designer. Designed large-scale graphic system for the Mexico City and Washington, D.C. metro public transportation systems. Trained at the Pratt Institute (1956-1960). In 1968 his design program for th 1968 Mexico Olympic Games used pictograph signs and color coding to communicate across language barriers. In 1979 he became president of Lance Wyman Ltd, New York.

William Caxton

Field Manager


English printer who in 1475 produced the first typographic English language book. Recuyell of the Histories of Troy, which he translated from French to English. Shortly afterward he set up a printing press and then printed the first book in England. Caxton published nearly 90 books at his Westminster press including Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Sir Thomas Mallory's Morte d'Arthur.

Art Chantry



Chantry is a contemporary graphic designer and illustrator who works in Seattle, Washington. He has produced numerous posters for music concerts easily catching that city's eclectic aesthetic flavor in his gritty work.

Eric Gill



British sculptor, engraver and writer. Best known for his typeface designs and book engravings done for the Golden Cockerel Press (from 1924). Wrote An Essay on Typography (1931).

John Baskerville

General Manager


English printer and typographer. Worked as stone carver, writing master, and manufacturer. In 1750 began study of typefounding. Baskerville was a pioneer in the manufacturing of fine paper and printing inks. He was appointed printer to Cambridge University. Designed Baskerville type.

Aldo Mannucci (Manutius)



Italian scholar, editor and printer. Founder of the Aldine Press. Settled in Venice (1490). Manutius printed many of the first editions of Greek and Latin classics. He was the first to use italic type in a Virgil edition of 1501. Editions of Aristotle (5 volumes, 1495-1498), Aristophanes (1498), Juvenal (1501) followed. In 1502 his press printed works by Catullus, Lucan, Sophocles, Herodotus, and Dante. His son Paolo and grandson Aldo continued printing, publishing work into the late 1500s.

Bayfield Park

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1997 Plumbago Bay Graphites Official Team Roster
Published: July 11, 1997

Copyright © 1997 by the Cosmic Baseball Association