The IMPERIAL CITY INSECTS are a new Cosmic Baseball team consisting of representatives of the Animal Kingdom from the class called Insecta. The team is managed by noteworthy entomologists and will compete during the 2001 Season in the Underleague.

The insect is perhaps the most successful lifeform on Planet Earth. With over one million species (some estimate there might be more than 10 million species) the insect is a dominant member of the animal kingdom.

Because of the complexity and diversity found in insects there is no absolute agreement on how the various types are related. Many humans have a weird even fearful attitude towards insects. After all they do sting, suck our blood, infest our food and infect our bodies. Nevertheless they are a an important and invaluable member of our environment.

The insect's role in the pollination of plants, the decomposition of organic matter, the recycling of important chemical elements and the production of nutrients are just a few examples of why these so-called "bugs" are important to us and the the general ecosystem we share with other living matter.

This cosmic baseball team honors our fellow planetary inhabitants.

Team Roster
Player Taxonomy (Order) Position
In what must be considered the largest social grouping ever discovered, over 300 million ants were found living in a "supercolony" of 45 interconnected nests in Japan.
Hymenoptera Catcher
Not less than a quarter of all animal species on our planet are beetles. The oldest beetle fossils are from the Lower Permian period (about 265 million years old.
Coleoptera Firstbase
Body Louse
Also known as "lice. Pediculus humanus has two races 'capitis' (or the Head Louse) which lives on the head and is believed to be the original form and 'corporis' (or the Body Louse) which lives on or in clothes and around the body and is believed to have evolved from the former.
Siphunculata Thirdbase
One of the most popular groups of insects. Butterflies have coiled, sucking mouthparts; two pairs of wings that function as one; and antennae with knobs at the tips. Most feed on nectar from flowers and are active by day. The butterfly larva (caterpillar) is transformed into a pupa (chrysalis) with a hardened outer integument within which it changes into the adult. Adults of most species live only about a month.
Lepidoptera Shortstop
The cicada is one of the most destructive of all insect orders. In addition to eating plants many homopterans transmit plant diseases. There are an estimated 45,000 species in the the order.
Homoptera Leftfield
Cockroaches are ancient insects having existed very successfully, relatively unchanged, for approximately 400 million years. This means that they have inhabited Earth 100 times longer than humans. They evolved with the flora, rapidly outnumbering all other groups of winged insects. They have remained relatively unchanged and unspecialized from the Carboniferous to present. Presently there are 3,500 known species, most of which are tropical. The adult, if provided with optimum conditions can be expected to live for up to 20 months.
Blattodea Centerfield
Grasshoppers, katydids and crickets are well known for their abilities to jump and particularly for singing by males (females are typically silent). This is an ancient Chinese belief that these little noise- makers bring luck to their owner
Orthoptera Rightfield
Although they are abundant, the American dog tick is not considered to be a serious human health threat. Specifically, they do not transmit Lyme disease.
Arachnid Infield
Dragonflies have been known to fly 50 to 60 miles (80 to 97 kilometers) an hour. They fly so swiftly that they usually escape from birds or other animals. Some extinct species of dragonflies had wingspreads of 2 1/2 feet (76 centimeters). Male and female dragonflies often fly together and sometimes mate while in flight
Odonata Secondbase
The name earwig comes from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning "ear creature," probably because of the wide-spread superstition that they crawl into the ears of sleeping people. The order contains about 1,100 species.
Dermaptera Pitcher
There are more known flies than vertebrates. The oldest, a limoniid crane fly, is some 225 million years old (Upper Triassic). Some 120,000 different kinds of flies are now known and estimates are that there may be more than 1,000,000 species living today. Mosquitoes and black flies are responsible for more human suffering and death than any other group of organisms except for the transmitted pathogens and man.
Diptera Outfield
A rare and primitive insect found in the mountains of Japan, western North America, and eastern Siberia. A pale, wingless creature between 15 and 30 mm (0.6 and 1.2 inches) long, it has biting mouthparts, long antennae, and small compound eyes.
Grylloblattodea Pitcher
The concept of "maggot therapy" well known in historical texts is becoming popular again. Maggots act as incredibly precise surgeons as they consume dead and diseased material cell by cell, while leaving healthy tissue behind and producing compounds that seem to inhibit the growth of bacteria and other pathogens.
Diptera Pitcher
The earliest fossils known of mosquitoes are from the Eocene epoch, 38-54 million years ago. Mosquitoes require not only blood, but also sugar for nourishment.
Diptera Utility
The first Scorpions are believed to have evolved from the Eurypteridae or water scorpions 425 to 450 million years ago in the middle of the Silurian epoch. The first Scorpions were most probably marine and marine members of the family continued to exist until about 250 to 300 million years ago. The first terrestrial Scorpions could most likely be found by about 340 million years ago.
Scorpiones Pitcher
Silverfish are wingless, flat insects with two long, slender antennae on the front and three long, slender "bristles" at the rear of a tapered, carrot-shaped body. They are 1/2 inch long when fully grown. They may consume or stain foods, fabric, paper, books, or wallpaper.
Thysanura Pitcher
All 36,000 or so known species (and, presumably, the tens of thousands of unknown types) are carnivores, and they eat most anything they can catch. A spider can go days or even weeks between meals, if need be, but as a group they're the dominant predators on Earth, eliminating more fellow animals than all lions, tigers, sharks, foxes, feral cats, eagles and grizzlies combined.
Arachnid Pitcher
Stink bugs are named for their ability to exude a foul smelling substance from a pore on each side of their thorax. These bugs often have symbiotic relationships with bacteria that aid the insect in the production of nutrients
Heteroptera Pitcher
One of the most profound and defining attributes of the termite family is that it is built on monogamy. Termites are faithful. They are probably the most monogamous group of animals on earth. The evolutionary outcome of this commitment to monogamy is a large and integrated family. As far as biologists know, termite colonies are the most sophisticated families ever to evolve in the universe.
Isoptera Pitcher
Yellow Jacket
The Yellow Jacket is a type of small wasp with black-and-yellow markings. Yellow jackets make their nests of paper. They form the paper by chewing up old wood and plant fibers. The yellow jackets sting using their ovipositor. It does not come off after it stings and you could receive multiple stings from one yellow jacket.
Hymenoptera Infield
Wasps are insects that have strong jaws, two pairs of wings, and a slender waist; most fly, and many can sting. There are over 30,000 different species of wasps alive today. Most wasp species are solitary but some live in complex social groups (called colonies) and work together.
Hymenoptera Pitcher
Team Staff & Management
Charles Valentine Riley (184395)
Entomologist. One of the founders of North American entomology. Riley emigrated to the United States from England in 1860. He was for a time the state entomologist for Missouri. During his tenure in Missouri he wrote and illustrated descriptions of American silkmoths. These reports are considered classics in the field of entomology.
Primate Manager
Frederick William Mally (1868-1939)
American Entomologist. In 1899 he was appointed first professor of entomology at Texas A & M. His 1902 Report on the Boll Weevil was one of the earliest comprehensive works on the life history and control of the weevil.
Primate Coach
Giovanni Battista Grassi (1854-1925)
Italian Entomologist. Grassi is best known for his comprehensive study of embryological development in honey bees.
Primate GM
Carlos J. Finlay (1833-1915)
Cuban Physician. Finlay first deduced that a mosquito (Aedes aegypti) transmitted the yellow fever virus
Primate Owner
Home Park Insecta Field Seats 3,003 Natural Grass

The INSECTS are a new Cosmic Baseball Team.

  • Insecta Class
  • Insects on the Web
  • Images of Insects
  • Classification of Living Things
  • Introduction to the Classification of Insects
  • Insects Home Page
  • The Bug Page
  • Taxonomy on the Web
  • Insect Zoo- Glossary
  • Phylum Arthropoda
  • Arthropod.Net
  • Entomological Society of America
  • Entomological Society of Ontario
  • Entomology Journals on the WWW
  • Insects in Psychiatry

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    Imperial City Insects- Season 2001 Official Team Roster
    Published: November 16, 2000
    Copyright © 2000 by the Cosmic Baseball Association