The EDEN BOHEMIANS are the Cosmic Baseball Association's team of novelists, essayists, playwrights, short story writers and poets.

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Antonin Artaud
1896–1948. French poet, actor, and director. During the 1920s and 30s he was associated with various experimental theater groups in Paris, and he cofounded the Théâtre Alfred Jarry. He was afflicted with mental illness from his childhood, and in 1936 he was declared insane; he spent much of the rest of his life in mental institutions. Artaud's theories of drama, particularly his concept of the “theater of cruelty,” greatly influenced 20th-century theater. He related theater to the plague because both destroy the veneer of civilization, revealing the ugly realities beneath and returning man to a primitive state, in which he lacks morality and reason. The aim of the “theater of cruelty” was to disturb the audience and reveal the forces of nature. Artaud's most important work is Le Théâtre et son double (1938, tr. 1958).
Andre Breton
1896–1966. French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud. At first a Dadaist, he collaborated with Philippe Soupault in automatic writing in Les Champs magnétiques (1921). He then turned to surrealism, writing three manifestos (1924, 1930, 1934) and opening a studio for “surrealist research.” Breton helped to found several reviews: Littérature (1919), Minotaure (1933), and VVV (1944). His other works include the novel Nadja (1928, tr. 1960), a semiautobiographical novel; What is Surrealism? (1934, tr. 1936); Ode à Charles Fourier (1946); and L' Art Magique (1957).
Miguel Cervantes
1547–1616. Spanish novelist, dramatist, and poet, author of Don Quixote de la Mancha (1605; Part II, 1615). Little is known of Cervantes's youth. He went to Italy (1569), where, in the service of a cardinal, he studied Italian literature and philosophy, which were later to influence his work. In 1570 he enlisted in the army and fought in the naval battle of Lepanto (1571), receiving a wound that permanently crippled his left arm. While returning to Spain in 1575 he was captured by Barbary pirates and was sold as a slave; he eventually became the property of the viceroy of Algiers. After many attempted escapes, he was ransomed in 1580, at a cost that brought financial ruin to himself and to his family. As a government purchasing agent in Seville (1588–97), Cervantes proved less than successful; his unbusinesslike methods resulted in deficits, and he was imprisoned several times.

Harry Crosby
1898-1929. American poet, editor, publisher. Crosby was the son of an elite and wealthy New England family (his uncle was J.P. Morgan). After graduating from St. Marks preparatory school in 1917 he joined the American Field Service Ambulance Corps. When the United States entered World War One Crosby enlisted in the U. S. Army Ambulance Corps and served at the Second Battle of Verdun. Crosby was awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French government after the Battle of Orme. After the war Crosby attended Harvard and graduated in 1921. He had an affair with an older married woman and after her divorce Crosby married her and the two went to live the ex-patriates life in France. His first book of poetry Sonnets for Caresse was published in 1925. In 1927 he started the Black Sun Press which soon published his second book of poetry, Red Skeletons. Crosby published a diary, Shadows of the Sun, poetry collections Chariot of the Sun , Transit of Venus, Mad Queen and Torchbearer. The Black Sun Press also published work by James Joyce, D. H Lawrence and other modern writers like Hart Crane. On December 12, 1929 in a New York City hotel Crosby committed suicide several hours after shooting a lover in what might have been a murder/suicide pact between the two.

Philip K. Dick
1928-1982. Born in Chicago, Illinois. American Science-Fiction writer. Between 1952 and his death Dick wrote over 35 novels and published five short story collections. Solar Lottery (1954) was his first published novel. His 1962 novel The Man in the High Castle was a Hugo Award winner (The Hugo is one of the the sci-fi world's highest honors.) Dick's life was complicated from the beginning when early in life his twin sister died. He endured bouts of drug addiction, several failed marriages and other psychological problems including periods when he did little or no writing at all. His work frequently contains an autobiographical component as in the novel Radio Free Albemuth(written in 1976; published in 1985) is written from the perspective of a young science fiction writer named Philip. Dick might best be known for his contribution to the 1982 film, Blade Runner, which is an adaptation of his the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968). His short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" (1966) was filmed in 1990 as Total Recall.
Gustave Flaubert
1821–1880. French novelist. Flaubert is regarded as one of the supreme masters of the realistic novel. The son of a surgeon, he studied law unsuccessfully in Paris and returned home to devote himself to writing. Because of a severe nervous malady he spent most of his life at Croisset, near Rouen, with his mother and niece. In 1856, after five years of work, Flaubert published his masterpiece, Madame Bovary, in a Paris journal. Portraying the frustrations and love affairs of a romantic young woman married to a dull provincial doctor, the novel is written in a superbly controlled style. The book resulted in his being prosecuted on moral grounds, but he won the case. This was followed by Salammbô (1863), a meticulously documented novel of ancient Carthage; a revision of an earlier novel, L'Éducation sentimentale (1870); The Temptation of St. Anthony (1874); and Three Tales (1877), which contained the great short story “A Simple Heart.” After his death his unfinished satire Bouvard and Pécuchet was published (1881).

Ernest Hemingway
1899–1961. Born Oak Park, Illinois. American novelist and short-story writer. Hemingway's first books, Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923), In Our Time (short stories, 1924), and The Torrents of Spring (a novel, 1926), attracted attention primarily because of his literary style. With the publication of The Sun Also Rises (1926), he was recognized as the spokesman of the “lost generation” (so called by Gertrude Stein). His next important novel, A Farewell to Arms (1929), tells of a tragic wartime love affair between an ambulance driver and an English nurse. Hemingway also published such volumes of short stories as Men without Women (1927) and Winner Take Nothing (1933), as well as a play, The Fifth Column. His First Forty-nine Stories (1938) includes such famous short stories as “The Killers,” “The Undefeated,” and “The Snows of Kilimanjaro.” Hemingway's nonfiction works, Death in the Afternoon (1932), about bullfighting, and Green Hills of Africa (1935), about big-game hunting, glorify virility, bravery, and the virtue of a primal challenge to life. From his experience in the Spanish Civil War came For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), His novella The Old Man and the Sea (1952) celebrates the indomitable courage of an aged Cuban fisherman. Other works are the novels To Have and Have Not (1937) and Across the River and into the Trees (1950); he also edited an anthology of stories, Men at War (1942). Posthumous publications include A Moveable Feast (1964), a memoir of Paris in the 1920s; the novels Islands in the Stream (1970) and True at First Light (1999), a safari saga begun in 1954 and edited by his son Patrick; and The Nick Adams Stories (1972).
Ted Hughes
1930–1998. Born Mytholmyroyd, Yorkshire. English poet. His poems are marked by controlled diction and style, which create a sense of order and meaning in violent or passionate natural events. His works include The Hawk in the Rain (1957), Lupercal (1960), Wodwo (1967), Crow: From the Life and Songs of the Crow (1971), Selected Poems (1973), Moortown (1980, 1989), River (1984), and Wolfwatching (1989). He also wrote fiction, plays, stories for children, and translations of Ovid (1997) and Aeschylus (posthumously published, 1999). In 1984, Hughes was named poet laureate of England. Hughes was married to the American poet Sylvia Plath; he explored their relationship in Birthday Letters (1998), his last book of verse.
Paulette Jiles
Born 1943 in Salem, Missouri. Paulette Jiles moved to Canada in 1969 after graduating with a degree in Spanish Literature from the University of Illinois. She spent eight years as a CBC journalist in a small town in Northern Ontario and recounts some of her experiences in her book North Spirit. Jiles has published The Jesse James Poems, which is a retelling of that well-established tradition from her native Missouri. Jiles won the Governor General's award in 1984 for Celestial Navigation.
Franz Kafka
1883–1924. Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Novelist. From a middle-class Jewish family from Bohemia, he spent most of his life in Prague. He studied law and then obtained a position in the workmen's compensation division of Austro-Hungarian government. Most of his works were published posthumously. His major novels include Der Prozess (1925, tr. The Trial, 1937, 1998), Das Schloss (1926, tr. The Castle, 1930, 1998), and Amerika (1927, tr. 1938). Kafka presents a world that is at once real and dreamlike and in which individuals burdened with guilt, isolation, and anxiety make a futile search for personal salvation. Important stories appearing during his lifetime were “Das Urteil” (1913, tr. “The Judgement,” 1945), Die Verwandlung (1915, tr. The Metamorphosis, 1937), “Ein Landarzt” (1919, tr. “A Country Doctor,” 1945), In der Strafkolonie (1920, tr. “In the Penal Colony,” 1941), and “Ein Hungerkünstler” (1922, tr. “A Hunger Artist,” 1938).

Ring Lardner
1885–1933. Born in Niles, Michigan. American humorist and short-story writer. He was a sports reporter in Chicago, St. Louis, and Boston from 1907 to 1919. His first collection of short stories, You Know Me, Al (1916) revealed his talent for the racy sports idiom he made famous. Among his other early volumes of short stories are Gullible's Travels (1917) and Treat 'Em Rough (1918). With the publication of How to Write Short Stories (with Samples) (1924), Lardner's reputation as a satirist was established. Usually cynical and pessimistic, his stories are peopled by ordinary characters—baseball players, stenographers, barbers—who are stunningly revealed, often through their own conversation, as being stupid, dull, and vicious. His later story collections include What of It? (1925) and First and Last (1934). With George S. Kaufman he collaborated on the comedy June Moon (produced 1929).
Madeleine L'Engle
Born 1918 in New York City. She attended boarding school in Switzerland and graduated cum laude from Smith College in 1941. She wrote her first novel, The Small Rain (1945) while acting for a New York theater group. After publishing several additional novels while raising three children, she and her husband Hugh Franklin (he played Dr. Charles Taylor on the TV soap opera, "All My Children") moved to western Connecticut and opened a general store. She wrote and published Meet the Austins, one of the American Library Association's Notable Children's Books of 1960. In 1962 she published the novel that established her career as a gifted children's book writer. A Wrinkle in Time. The book won the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award as well as the Newberry Medal for "the most distinguished contribution to children's literature" of 1962. Two companion novels, A Wind in the Door (1973) and A Swiftly Tilting Planet (1978), completed what came to be known as The Time Trilogy. L'Engle has written over forty volumes of plays, poems, essays, and novels for children and adults. In the 1980's she was ranked by Publishers Weekly and American Bookseller as one of the five to ten most popular and best-selling children's authors in the country.
Sinclair Lewis
1885–1951. Born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota. American novelist. Graduated Yale University in 1908. Lewis wrote novels that present a devastating picture of middle-class American life in the 1920s. He ridiculed the values, the life-styles, and even the speech of his characters. Lewis began his career as a journalist, editor, and hack writer. With the publication of Main Street (1920), Lewis immediately became an important literary figure. His next novel, Babbitt (1922) is a portrait of an average American businessman, a Republican and a Rotarian, whose individuality has been erased by conformist values. Arrowsmith (1925; Pulitzer Prize, refused by Lewis) satirizes the medical profession, and Elmer Gantry (1927) attacks hypocritical religious revivalism. Dodsworth (1929) is a sympathetic picture of a wealthy American businessman in Europe. In 1930, Lewis became the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. During his lifetime he published 22 novels. Among his later works are It Can't Happen Here (1935), Cass Timberlane (1945), Kingsblood Royal (1947), and World So Wide (1951). From 1928 to 1942 he was married to Dorothy Thompson (1894–1961), a distinguished newspaperwoman and foreign correspondent.
Yukio Mishima
(Kimitake Hiraoka) 1925–1970. Born in Tokyo, Japan. Japanese author. Mishima was born into a samurai family. He wrote novels, short stories, essays, and plays. He appeared on stage in some of his plays as well as directing and starring in films. During World War II he worked in an aircraft factory. Upon graduation (1947) from Tokyo Univ., he served a brief time in the finance ministry before devoting himself entirely to writing. His tetralogy The Sea of Fertility traces the fading of the old Japan in the first decade of the 20th cent. and continues through the aftermath of World War II. The individual novels of this group are: Spring Snow (tr. 1972), Runaway Horses (tr. 1973), The Temple of Dawn (tr. 1973), and The Decay of the Angel (tr. 1974). Other important novels include the semiautobiographical Confessions of a Mask (1949; tr. 1958); The Sound of Waves (1954; tr. 1956); The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (1956; tr. 1963); After the Banquet (1960; tr. 1963); and the allegorical tale The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea (1963; tr. 1965). After an unsuccessful demonstration in which he harangued the Japanese self-defense forces for their lack of power under the Japanese constitution, Mishima committed ritual suicide (seppuku).
Georges Perec
Born March 7, 1936 in Paris, France. Died March 3, 1982. Perec, an orphan at six, was raised by his uncle and aunt. In 1965 he was awarded the Prix Renaudot for his first book, the short novel Les Choses (The Things). He published more than twenty books. was a member of OuLiPo (Ouvroir de Littérature Potentielle, or "Workshop of Potential Literature"), a Paris-based group of writers founded in 1960 by Raymond Queneau and François LeLionnais. Other well-known members were the Italian writer Italo Calvino and the American Harry Matthews. He wrote a short story, "What a Man!" where the only vowel used was the letter "A". Perec was intrigued by lipograms. A lipogram is text in which one or more letters are not allowed to appear. His 1969 novel La Disparition is a lipogram excluding the letter "E". In 1973 he published La Boutique Obscure which relates a series of 124 dreams he had between 1968 and 1972. In 1975 he published the memoir, W, ou Le Souvenir d'Enfance. His 1978 novel La Vie Mode d'Emploi -- Romans won the Prix Médici award.
Daniel Pinkwater
Born November 15, 1941 in Memphis, Tennessee. Pinkwater attended St. Leon's College in Chicago with no plans to become a writer, studying art instead. After finishing college, he relocated to Hoboken to begin his art career. He was unsuccessful as an artist and "sort of fell upon" writing children's books after an editor he met at a party suggested he try it. Pinkwater began his writing career in 1969 when he wrote and illustrated his first book, The Terrible Roar. Since then, Pinkwater has written as many as 50 children's books, including Lizard Music, The Hoboken Chicken Emergency, Blue Moose, and The Snarkout Boys and the Avocado of Death. Since 1987 he has been a regular commentator on National Public Radio's All Things Considered program and hosts NPR's children's show called "Chinwag Theater." .
Edgar Allan Poe
1809–1849. Born in Boston, Massachusetts. American poet, short-story writer, and critic. He is acknowledged today as one of the most brilliant and original writers in American literature. His skillfully wrought tales and poems convey with passionate intensity the mysterious, dreamlike, and often macabre forces that pervaded his sensibility. He is also considered the father of the modern detective story.
Rainer Maria Rilke
1875–1926. Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. German poet. Rilke's first book of poetry, Leben und Lieder [life and songs], appeared in 1894, but not until the stories of Geschichten vom lieben Gott (1904, tr. Stories of God, 1931) did his mature mysticism find expression. His visits to Russia inspired one of the three books of Das Stundenbuch (1905, tr. Poems from the Book of Hours, 1941), with which he achieved fame and in which he treated God as an evolutionary concept. His Neue Gedichte [new poems] was published in 2 volumes in 1964.The Duineser Elegien (1923, tr. Duino Elegies, 1930, 1961), which are written in a purposely staccato style and contain his most positive praise of human existence. Rilke's only novel was Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge (1910, tr., The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge, 1964).

Delmore Schwartz
1913–1966. Born in New York City, New York. American poet. Graduated New York University, 1935. He was an editor of the Partisan Review (1943–55). His first work, In Dreams Begin Responsibilities, including the famous title story, appeared in 1938. Among his later writings are Shenandoah (1941), a verse play; Genesis (1943), a prose poem on the growth of a human being; World Is a Wedding (1948), a collection of short stories; Vaudeville for a Princess and Other Poems (1950); Summer Knowledge (1959); and Successful Love and Other Stories (1961). The tragic course of Schwartz's career, in which his early success was followed by a descent into alcoholism and madness, was the basis of Saul Bellow's novel, Humboldt's Gift (1975).

Nathanael West
(Nathan Weinstein) 1903–1940. Born in New York City, New York. Graduated Brown University, 1924. West revealed the sterility and grotesqueness underlying the American dream. After spending two years in Paris, he worked as a hotel manager in New York. His first novel, The Dream Life of Balso Snell (1931), is a garish satire that foreshadowed the work to follow. Miss Lonelyhearts (1933), his most successful novel, relates the painful life of a columnist for the lovelorn whose misguided priestliness leads him to a tragic and ironic involvement with his suffering correspondents. He also edited and wrote for several magazines and in 1935 moved to Hollywood, where he became a scriptwriter. A Cool Million (1934) was West's bitter indictment of a materialistic world. His last novel, The Day of the Locust (1939), presents a gallery of horrifying misfits living in a vacuous, surreal Hollywood atmosphere. West was never a commercial success in his own time, but his popularity rose after his premature death at 37 in an automobile accident.

Virginia Woolf
1882–1941. English novelist and essayist; daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen. Woolf was educated at home from the resources of her father's huge library. In 1912 she married Leonard Woolf, a critic and writer on economics, with whom she set up the Hogarth Press in 1917. Their home became a gathering place for a circle of artists, critics, and writers known as the Bloomsbury group. As a novelist Woolf' used the stream of consciousness technique. Woolf's early works, The Voyage Out (1915) and Night and Day (1919), were traditional in method, but she became increasingly innovative in Jacob's Room (1922), Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), and The Waves (1931). Other experimental novels are Orlando (1928), The Years (1937), and Between the Acts (1941). Her essays are published in The Common Reader (1925), The Second Common Reader (1933), The Death of the Moth and Other Essays (1942), and The Moment and Other Essays (1948). A Room of One's Own (1929) and Three Guineas (1938) are feminist tracts. Her biography of Roger Fry (1940) is a careful study of a friend. Virginia Woolf suffered mental breakdowns in 1895 and 1915; she drowned herself in 1941 because she feared another breakdown from which she might not recover.
Team Staff & Management
Fielding Dawson
Born 1930 in New York City, New York. Short story writer, novelist, and essayist; painter and art critic. Student at Black Mountain College, early 1950s.
William Thackeray
1811–1863. Born in Calcutta, India. English novelist. In 1830 Thackeray left Cambridge without a degree and later entered the Middle Temple to study law. In 1833 he became editor of a periodical, the National Standard, but the following year he settled in Paris to study art. There he met Isabella Shawe, whom he married in 1836. He returned to England in 1837, supporting himself and his wife by literary hack work and by illustrating. Three years later his wife became hopelessly insane; she was cared for by a family in Essex and survived her husband by 30 years. Thackeray sent his two young daughters to live with his parents in Paris, lived himself the life of a clubman in London, and worked assiduously to support his family. Throughout the 1830s and 40s, his novels appeared serially together with miscellaneous writings in several magazines. His “Yellowplush Correspondence” appeared (1837–38) in Fraser's. As a contributor to Punch he often parodied the false romantic sentiment pervading the fiction of his day. In 1848, Thackeray published the humorous Book of Snobs and his novel Vanity Fair. In 1850 he published the partly autobiographical novel Pendennis. In 1851 he delivered a series of lectures, English Humorists of the Eighteenth Century, which he repeated in a tour of the United States in 1852–53. In 1852 his novel of 18th-century life, Henry Esmond, appeared. The Newcomes, in which some of the characters of Pendennis reappear, came out serially in 1853–55. In 1855–56 he delivered another series of lectures in the United States entitled The Four Georges (pub. 1860). His next novel, The Virginians (1857–59), is a continuation of the Esmond story. In 1860 Thackeray became editor of the newly founded Cornhill Magazine, in which his last novels appeared—Lovel the Widower (1860), The Adventures of Philip (1861–62), and the unfinished historical romance, Denis Duval (1864).

Henry Miller
1891–1980. Born in New York City, New York. American author. Miller's books are potpourris of sexual description, quasi-philosophical speculation, reflection on literature and society, surrealistic imaginings, and autobiographical incident. After living in Paris in the 1930s, he returned to the United States and settled in Big Sur, California. Miller's first two novels, Tropic of Cancer (Paris, 1934) and Tropic of Capricorn (Paris, 1939), were denied publication in the U.S. until the early 1960s because of alleged obscenity. The Colossus of Maroussi (1941), a travel book of modern Greece, is considered by some critics his best work. His other writings include the Rosy Crucifixion Trilogy—Sexus (1949), Plexus (1953), and Nexus (1960).
Simone de Beauvoir
1908–1986. French author. A leading exponent of the existentialist movement, she is closely associated with Jean-Paul Sartre. Beauvoir taught philosophy at several colleges until 1943, after which she devoted herself to writing. Her novels All Men Are Mortal (1946, tr. 1955), The Blood of Others (1946, tr. 1948), and The Mandarins (1955, tr. 1956) are interpretations of the existential dilemma. Among her most celebrated works is The Second Sex (1949–50, tr. 1953). Her study The Marquis de Sade (tr. 1953) is a brilliant, perceptive portrait. Her monumental treatise The Coming of Age (1970, tr. 1972) is an exhaustive historical consideration of the social treatment of the aged in many cultures. Beauvoir's autobiographical writings include Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter (1958, tr. 1959), The Prime of Life (tr. 1962), Force of Circumstance (1963, tr. 1964), A Very Easy Death (1964, tr. 1966), and All Said and Done (tr. 1974). She also edited Sartre's letters to her (tr. 1994).
Home Park Odradek Stadium Seats 15,199
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    Eden Bohemians- Season 2001 Official Team Roster
    Published: December 5, 2000
    Copyright © 2001 by the Cosmic Baseball Association