The ARMAGEDDONIA ANARCHISTS are the Cosmic Baseball Association's team of political revolutionaries. Anarchy is a complex social political idea. The work of Bakunin, Proudhon, Kropotkin and others on this team serve as an important guide to some of the theoretical concerns of this strain of political thought.

Team Roster
Mumia Abu-Jamal
Born April 23, 1954 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When Mumia Abu-Jamal was 14 he joined the Black Panthers political organization. In the 1970s he was a radio journalist where he was known as "the voice of the voiceless." He was the recipient of a Major Armstrong Award for radio journalism, and was named one of Philadelphia's "people to watch" in 1981 by Philadelphia magazine. He was president of the Association of Black Journalists in Philadelphia. In December 1981 he was charged with the death of a policeman in a case that has become internationally controversial. He was convicted of first-degree murder and given a sentence of death. Mumia Abu-Jamal is currently on Pennsylvania's death row.
Mikhail Bakunin
1814-1876. Anarchist, born near Moscow. He took part in the German revolutionary movement (1848--9) and was condemned to death. Sent to Siberia in 1855, he escaped to Japan, and arrived in England in 1861. In September 1870 he attempted an abortive rising at Lyon. As leader of anarchism, he was the opponent of Karl Marx in the Communist International, and at the Hague Congress in 1872 was outvoted and expelled
Murray Bookchin
Born January 14, 1921 in New York City. His immigrant parents had been active in the Russian revolutionary movement of tsarist times. In the early 1930s Bookchin joined the Communist youth movement but by the late 1930s had become disillusioned with its authoritarian character. He pioneered writing on ecological issues in the United States and West Germany, and according to reports from German friends, his writings contributed to reforms in German food and drug legislation. In the 1960s he was deeply involved in countercultural and New Left movements almost from their inception, and he pioneered the ideas of social ecology in the United States. His first American book, Our Synthetic Environment (pseud. Lewis Herber) was published by Alfred A. Knopf in 1962, preceding Rachel Carson's Silent Spring by nearly half a year. In the late 1960s, Bookchin taught at the Alternative University in New York then at City University of New York in Staten Island. In 1974, he co-founded and directed the Institute for Social Ecology in Plainfield, Vermont, which went on to acquire an international reputation for its advanced courses in ecophilosophy, social theory, and alternative technologies that reflect his ideas. From the late 1970s onward, he has been an important stimulus in the developing Green movements throughout the world, and he has written many works dealing with the nature and future of Green politics.

Voltairine DeCleyre
Born November 17, 1866 in Leslie, Michigan; Died June 20, 1912 in Chicago, Illinois. Emma Goldman called her "the most gifted and brilliant anarchist woman America ever produced." Marcus Graham, editor of Man!, called her "the most thoughtful woman anarchist of this century," and George Brown, the anarchist orator, declared her "the most intellectual woman I ever met." De Cleyre was born in a small village in Michigan in 1866 and was plagued all her life by poverty, pain, and ill health. She was named in honor of the French philosopher Voltaire. She emerged from a Catholic convent school as an atheist and dedicated anti-authoritarian. She devoted her relatively short life to the cause of the poor, the disadvantaged, the disenfranchised: all whom society cared less about. She was an ardent feminist who spoke against marriage. Although she had already experimented with socialism it was the state execution of the so-called Haymarket Martyrs on November 11, 1887 that completely radicalized De Cleyre and transformed her into a committed anarchist.
Samuel Dolgoff
1902-1994. Sam Dolgoff played an important role in the anarchist movement since the early 1920s. He was a member of the Chicago Free Society Group in that decade, and co-founded the New York Libertarian League in 1954. He also was active in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). He was also the editor of the highly-acclaimed anthologies, Bakunin on Anarchy (1971; revised 1980) and The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936-1939 (1974), Dolgoff also wrote Ethics and American Unionism (1958), The Labor Party Illusion (1961), The Cuban Revolution: A Critical Perspective (1974), A Critique of Marxism (1983), and the autobiographical Fragments (1986).
Buenaventura Durruti
1896-1936. Born in Leon, Spain. Durruti was the son of a socialist railroad worker. He started to work on the railroad when he was 14, and met his first exile in France after the general revolutionary strike in 1917. He returned to Spain in 1920. In Barcelona, with the Ascaso brothers, García Oliver and other anarchists, Durruti founded "Los Solidarios" an anarchist action group. The group attempted a failed bomb attack against Alfonso XIII, the Spanish king. In 1932 Durruti was deported because of his involvement in anarchist activities. He was arrested in 1933 and after the revolution of 1934. The victory of the Frente Popular delivered him from the El Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz) prison. In November, 1936, Durruti arrived in Madrid to fight against the nationalist army. On November 19 he was mortally wounded. Durruti is buried in Barcelona.
Francesco Ferrer
January 10, 1849 - October 13, 1909. Born in Allela, Spain. His parents were practicing Catholics, but his uncle was a freethinker who influenced him strongly. Consequently, Ferrer became a follower of the republican radical Manuel Ruiz Zorilla., In 1885, when Zorilla attempted a coup that failed, Ferrer was also forced into exile. Ferrer and his family went to Paris where he remained for sixteen years. He became active in a new form of education being practiced at a primary school in Cempuis, France. He also offered free Spanish lessons. One of his most notable pupils was a wealthy spinster named Jeanne Ernestine Meunie. When Meunie died suddenly in March, 1901 she left Ferrer a sizable fortune. He returned to Spain and on September 1, 1901 he opened La Escuela Moderna. The professed goal of the school was to educate the working class in a rational, secular and non-coercive setting. La Escuela Moderna grew rapidly. By 1906, thirty four schools with over 1,000 students were directly or indirectly influenced by the school and its textbooks. On June 4, 1906 Ferrer was arrested in connection with an assassination attempt on King Alphonso XIII. He was imprisoned in the Carcelo Modelo in Madrid. He was finally released June 12, 1907, due to insufficient evidence. During Ferrer's incarceration, La Escuela Moderna was shut down and would not open its doors again. Ferrer returned to Paris. In July of 1909 he returned to Spain when political events there spun out of control. Spontaneous protests broke out in the streets, evolving into a massive general strike. Revolutionary leaders, anxious to seize the moment, were ultimately unprepared and thus lost control of the crowds. The result was five days of mob rule known today as the "Tragic Week." In September Ferrer was arrested again and convicted of fomenting the unrest associated with the general strike. On October 13, 1909 Spain executed Ferrer by firing squad.
Elizabeth Flynn
1890-1964. Born in New Hampshire. Flynn joined the Industrial Workers of the World in 1907. She was the model for Joe Hill's The Rebel Girl. In 1920 she helped to found the American Civil Libertles Union. She was both a comrade and lover of the anarchist Carlo Tresca through much of the decade before 1925. She joined and helped to lead the Communist Party. During the Joseph McCarthy/anti-communist hysteria of the 1950s she served twenty-eight months in prison because of her political beliefs. Her writings include Sabotage (Cleveland, I915), The Rebel Girl (New York, 1973) and My Life as a Political Prisoner (New York, 1963). She is buried, with other anarchists in Chicago's Waldheim Cemetery not far from the Haymarket Martyrs' Monument.
Brenton Gicker
On February 8, 1999 at around 12:45 PM (PST) 15 year-old Brenton Gicker was called to the principal's office at South Eugene High School in Oregon. There the young student was arrested by the officers of the Eugene Police Department and taken to City Hall and placed in jail. He was charged with burglary, riot, and criminal mischief. At a hearing the next day Mr. Gicker was placed on "house arrest" despite the police department's request to keep him locked up. Gicker's ordeal was a result of an October 17, 1998 incident where according to the police chief "a half-dozen individuals wearing gas masks and hoods went into the store and threw merchandise over the balcony into a fountain." The incident was not a random act of juvenile delinquency. Rather it was staged by a group of mostly teenagers and people in their early 20s--activists inspired by John Zerzan, a longtime local anarchist writer and theoretician. They were protesting Nike's sweatshop practices. Gicker who is part of this youthful movement says, "Just taking a look at the state of the world, anarchy is appealing." Gicker's arrest followed the police's discovery of his fingerprints on a flyer left at the demonstration. A search of Gicker's parent's house resulted in the confiscation of, among other items, a poster of Emma Goldman. The young anarchist's response to his ordeal: "This whole thing - it's just bizarre, fucked up, and unfortunate." :
Emma Goldman
1869-1940. Born in Kovno, Lithuania. Goldman was a dedicated anarchist and propagandist. In 1882 she moved with her family to St. Petersburg, Russia, where she worked in a glove factory and absorbed the prevailing radical-revolutionary ideas. In 1885 she emigrated to America worked in a Rochester, N.Y., garment factory, and was briefly married to a fellow worker. Angered by the execution of those connected with the 1886 Haymarket bombing in Chicago Goldman began to identify with anarchists; she moved to New York City, became a disciple of Johann Most, and became intimately involved with the anarchist Alexander Berkman, whom she also assisted in planning his failed assassination of Henry Frick (1892). She was jailed in New York City (1893) for allegedly inciting the unemployed "to riot" and "take bread." On her release, she took up nursing; studying briefly in Vienna (where she attended lectures by Freud); and in 1896 began working as a nurse and midwife in American urban slums. When President McKinley was assassinated in 1901, she was jailed for two weeks without any evidence linking her to the deed. With Berkman out of prison in 1906, he and Goldman founded and edited the anarchist monthly Mother Earth (1906-1917). In 1916 she spent two weeks in jail for disseminating birth control information. Then in 1917 she and Berkman were arrested for aiding draft resisters opposed to the U.S. entering the World War; they were sentenced to two years imprisonment. When released in 1919, they were deported to the Soviet Union. Soon disillusioned with the Bolshevik government, they left and moved about Europe and Canada, finally settling in France where in 1931 she finished her autobiography, Living My Life. She was allowed to return to the United States in 1934, but only for a three-month lecture tour. With Berkman's death in 1936, she gave the last of her remarkable energies to one more cause: antifascists and the foes of Franco in the Spanish Civil War. She died in exile in Canada.
Paul Goodman
1911-1972. Author, lecturer, psychotherapist; born in New York City. His prodigious outpouring of poetry, fiction, city planning, social criticism and gestalt therapy consistently articulated a vision of humanistic anarchism that made him the "father figure of the New Left." His best-selling Growing Up Absurd (1960) defended dropping out of school, an institution he found repressive of individuality.
Praxedis Guerrero
Born August 28, 1882 in Los Altos de Ibarra, Guanajuanto. Died December 29, 1910. Guerrero was the sixth son of a very rich land owning Mexican family. After attending both primary and secondary school in Leon, he went to San Luis Potosi in early 1900. Here he worked as a labourer in the Cerrceria de San Luis and later in the Fundacion de Morales before returning to Los Altos de Ibarra some months later. For the next year or so he assisted his father in the family business, making several trips as its representative to Puebla, Mexico City and Laredo. In May 1901 Praxedis was accepted as a correspondent on Filomeno Mata's journal Diario del Hogar, which was an outspoken dissident publication formed in opposition to the Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz. By 1903 Guerrero had become interested in the anti-Diaz Liberal movement that had been founded two years before, and began to read their publications in particular Camillo Arriaga's 'El Demofilo' and Ricardo Flores Magon's 'El Hijo del Ahuizote'. At the same time he began to read the works of Bakunin, Kropotkin and Malatesta, which were at that time difficult to obtain, although Kropotkin's 'The Conquest of Bread' had been published in pamphlet form by the opposition journal 'Vespar' during the preceding year. In May 1906, the first contact was made between the 'Junta Organizadora del Partido liberal Mexicano' (PLM) and Guerrero, when Manuel Sarabia, representing the Junta, visited Guerrero. The Junta, which had been formed the preceding year in St. Louis, Missouri through the initiative of Ricardo Flores Magon, aimed at coordinating all anti-Diez revolutionary activities. Between 1906 and 1910 Guerrero devoted almost all his energies to the cause of the PLM. When his father died Guerrero rejected his inheritance. On December 29, 1910, while leading a PLM attack on the town of Janos, Guerrero was killed. He was 28 years old.
Bill Haywood
1869-1928. Labor leader; born in Salt Lake City, Utah. A miner at age nine, he worked at other jobs but kept returning to mining. Joining the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) (1896) and elected secretary-treasurer (1900), he led the WFM through several violent years of labor strife. In 1905 he cofounded the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) with the goal of eventually uniting all unions in "one big union." Later that year he was accused of involvement in the murder of an antilabor former governor of Idaho, Frank Steunenberg; defended by Clarence Darrow, he was acquitted and became a hero to labor. But his continued radicalism, including a call to destroy capitalism, led the WFM to withdraw from the IWW, and, in 1918, to dismiss Haywood. A member of the Socialist Party from 1901, he was also dropped from that party's councils for advocating violence (1912). He gained a new following when he championed the organizing of unskilled workers and led textile strikes in Lawrence, Mass. (1912), and Paterson, N.J. (1913). Convicted of violating wartime alien and sedition acts, he was sentenced to 20 years in jail (1918) but jumped bail and fled to the Soviet Union (1921).
Joe Hill
1879-1915. Labor leader, songwriter; born in Gäyle, Sweden. Little is known of his early life (even his Swedish name is in dispute), but he apparently worked as a seaman and arrived in the U.S.A. about 1901. Joining the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) ("Wobblies") in 1910, he participated in organizing and strike actions in California and Mexico. While he seems to have led a hobo-like existence, he contributed letters and essays to the Wobblies' publications. He also became known for his protest songs--especially "The Preacher and the Slave," which introduced the phrase "pie in the sky"; these were collected in The Little Red Song Book. Arrested for double murder in Salt Lake City (1914) and convicted on dubious evidence, he was executed by a firing squad despite international protests. The night before his death he told "Big Bill" Haywood, "Don't waste any time in mourning. Organize." His body was cremated and its ashes were distributed to IWW locals all over the world. He was one of the best-known "martyrs" of the radical labor movement, which would adopt as one of its anthems, "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night" (words by Alfred Hayes, music by Earl Robinson).
Peter Kropotkin
1842 -- 1921. Revolutionary and geographer, born in Moscow. The son of a prince, he was educated at the Corps of Pages, St Petersburg. He became an army officer and was stationed in Siberia (1862--7), where he made zoological and geographical studies that won him recognition in scientific circles. In 1871 he renounced his title and devoted himself to a life as a revolutionary. Arrested and imprisoned (1874), he escaped to Switzerland in 1876. Expelled from Switzerland in 1881, he went to France, and was condemned in 1883 to five years' imprisonment for anarchism. Released in 1886, he settled in England until the revolution of 1917 took him back to Russia. He wrote of an anarchy where mutual support and trust in a harmonious society is the central theme, not the lawlessness and chaos more usually associated with the term.
Errico Malatesta
1853-1932. Born in Italy. Malatesta gave some sixty years to the anarchist movements of Europe. As a medical student at the University of Naples he embraced Republicanism and shortly thereafter became a socialist and member of the First International. It was in this association that he befriended and came under the influence of Bakunin. He pressed constantly for the principles of direct action, land seizure, and the general strike. He organized a number of insurrections and workers' revolts. He delivered anti-State speeches at many anarchist gatherings. He thus laid down the important features of communist anarchism and anarchist tactics that had a great impact on the movement. Malatesta was a wealthy man who put his entire fortune at the disposal of the cause. He won the militant support of broad sections of his countrymen whose demonstrations and strikes on his behalf saved him from death and imprisonment a number of times. In Argentine exile and again in the United States he published radical newspapers. He took part in the Xeres insurrection in Spain, and in the General Strike of 1895 in Belgium. He spent years of exile and imprisonment in England, France, and SwitzerIand. In 1907 he attended the anarchist congress at Amsterdam and made speeches on anarchist organization that were to shape the anarchist movement. Through the systematic destruction of its finest radical leadership, Italy moved on to the eventual victory of fascism. Malatesta remained in Italy, under house arrest, until he died. The authorities ordered his body thrown into a common grave. His best known political statement in English is his pamphlet Anarchy.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
1809-1865. Socialist and political theorist, born in Besançon, France. In Paris he wrote his first important book, Qu'est-ce que la propriété? (1840, What is Property?), affirming the bold paradox "property is theft', because it involves the exploitation of the labour of others. He then published his greatest work, the Système des contradictions économiques (1846, System of Economic Contradictions). During the 1848 Revolution, the violence of his utterances brought him three years' imprisonment, and after further arrest (1858) he retired to Belgium. He was amnestied in 1860.
Nicola Sacco
1891-1927. Born in Italy. Sacco emigrated to the United States in in 1908. With Bartolomeo Vanzetti he was arrested on charges of murdering a shoe factory paymaster and guard at South Braintree, Massachusetts. They were tried and convicted in an atmosphere of antiradical hysteria. The trial ended July 14, 1921, and they were electrocuted August 23, 1927. During the years of their incarceration, widespread doubt of their guilt reached worldwide proportions resulting in protest. Many books and articles, written by those in and out of the legal profession, have left detailed accounts of one of the most controversial and best known cases in United States history.
Bartolemo Vanzetti
1888-1927. Vanzetti was arrested with Nicola Sacco on charges of murdering a shoe factory paymaster and guard in South Braintree, Massachusetts, and convicted on July 14, 1921, Vanzetti left a most moving articulate statement of the vindication of Sacco and himself in an atmosphere of hysteria the two were sentenced to die and were electrocuted on August 23, 1927. With the encouragement of supporters, Vanzetti issued letters and articles from his prison cell and displayed a highly sensitive intelligence despite the fact that he was largely self-educated. The Sacco-Vanzetti case inspired controversy reaching worldwide proportions. Belief in their innocence became widespread as they were seen to be victims of antianarchist hatred.
Emiliano Zapata
1879-1919. Mexican revolutionary, born in Anencuilio, Mexico. He became a sharecropper and local leader, and after the onset of the Mexican Revolution he mounted a land distribution programme in areas under his control. Along with Pancho Villa, he fought the Carranza government, and was eventually lured to his death at the Chinameca hacienda.
Clara Zetkin
1857-1933. Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Germany. While studying at Leipzig Teacher's College for Women she became a Socialist and staunch feminist, and from 1881 to 1917 was a member of the Social Democratic Party. In 1917 she was one of the founders of the radical Independent Social Democratic Party (the Spartacus League), and became a founder of the German Communist Party (1919). A strong supporter of the Russian Revolution, and a friend of Lenin, her influence waned after Lenin's death
Team Management
Benjamin Tucker
1854-1939. Anarchist and reformer, born in South Darmouth, Massachusetts, USA. Although he attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1870-1873), he was more drawn to social reform than engineering and became a convert to individualist anarchism (1872). Leaving school, he travelled to France to study the works of French socialist Pierre Joseph Proudhon, on whom he became an authority. He translated and published at his own expense Proudhon's celebrated work under the title What is Property? (1876). He founded the Radical Review (1877), but his most famous publication was the broadsheet, Liberty, which was issued regularly (1881--1908) and became a widely read clearinghouse for unorthodox thought. A brilliant polemicist, he wrote much of Liberty himself while on the staff of the Boston Globe (1878) and then as editor of the Engineering Magazine in New York City (1892). An outspoken, at times literary voice for individualist anarchism, he defied police arrest by selling banned books. His publishing venture collapsed (1908) when his New York establishment was destroyed by fire. He moved to France and never again found much of a public for his writings. He and his family moved to Monaco (1926) and letters from the 1930s reflect a growing despair at the rise of totalitarianism.
Lucy Parsons
1853-1942. Claiming to be the daughter of a Mexican woman and a Creek Indian, and raised on a ranch in Texas (although later research showed that she may have been a slave in Texas), Lucy Parsons married Albert Parsons, a former Confederate soldier turned radical Republican around 1871. The marriage forced the couple to flee to Chicago in 1873 and became heavily involved in the revolutionary elements of the labor movement. Parsons wrote articles about the homeless and unemployed for The Socialist in 1878, and later helped found the International Working People's Association (IWPA). She also became a frequent contributor to the IPWA weekly paper The Alarm in 1884. Parsons was also a staunch advocate of the rights of African Americans, stating that blacks where only victimized because they were poor, and that racism would inevitably disappear with the destruction of capitalism. In 1886, Lucy's husband was implicated in the Haymarket Square bombing of a crowd of police and sentenced to death by hanging. After her husband's death, Parsons continued revolutionary activism, publishing a short-lived publication, Freedom, in 1892. In 1905 she participated in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World, and also published a paper called The Liberator. After working with the Communist Party for a number of years, she finally joined in 1939, despairing of the advance of both capitalism and fascism on the world stage and unconvinced of the anarchists' ability to effectively confront them. Parsons died in a fire in her Chicago home in 1942.
Guiseppe Fanelli
1829-1877. Born in Italy. Between 1848-1849 Fanelli was active in the revolutionary activities in Rome and Lombardy. He fought with the Italian patriot Garibaldi in Sicily and in November 1865 he was elected to the Italian Parliament. In 1866 in Ischia he met Mikhail Bakunin. In October 1868 he arrived in Barcelona, Spain and helped introduce anarchism to that country. On January 21, 1869 he met with the Madrid Anarchists. Fanelli died of tuberculosis.
General Manager
William Godwin
1756-1836. Political writer and novelist, born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, EC England, UK. His major work of social philosophy was An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice (1793), which greatly impressed the English Romantics. His masterpiece was the novel The Adventures of Caleb Williams (1794). He married Mary Wollstonecraft in 1797. A bookselling business long involved him in difficulties, and in 1833 he was glad to accept the sinecure post of yeoman usher of the Exchequer.
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    Armageddonia Anarchists- Season 2001 Official Team Roster
    Published: December 7, 2000
    Copyright © 2001 by the Cosmic Baseball Association