|Official Season 2000 Cosmic Team Roster|
||Also known as Norman 2X Butler and later Muhammad Abdul Aziz. He was member of the Nation of Islam and part of its Fruit of Islam (FOI) cadre. Convicted of the 1965 assassination of Malcolm X. Served 19 years in prison; paroled in 1985. His direct involvement in the assassination has been doubted. After prison he became the East coast regional security chief of the Nation of Islam. In 1998 he was appointed Minister of the Nation of Islam's Mosque No. 7 in Harlem.
||A former minister in the United Church of Christ (UCC) and a former executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Chavis joined the Nation of Islam (NOI) in February 1997. The UCC suspended his ministerial credentials soon after he joined the NOI. "I am not turning my back on Jesus Christ," Chavis said upon joining the Nation of Islam. "I'm turning to Allah." The NOI has taught that Christianity is a religion of slavery.
|Ella Little Collins
||Half-sister of Malcolm X. Malcolm went to live with her in Boston after his father's death and his mother's commitment to a mental institution. Ella took over leadership of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU, created by Malcolm in 1964) after his death.
| Benjamin Goodman
||Later known as Benjamin Karim. He was a close and trusted aide to Malcolm X after his break with the Nation of Islam (NOI). Goodman was in the Audubon Ballroom on the day Malcolm was assassinated. Goodman has always maintained that Norman 2X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson were not involved in the assassination of Malcolm X.
||Later known as Mujahid Abdul Halim. Born in Hackensack, New Jersey Hayer joined the Nation of Islam (NOI) in 1962. In 1965 he confessed to shooting Malcolm X at the Audubon Ballroom. In 1977 and 1978 in affidavits he wrote from prison he revealed that members of the NOI were behind the plot to kill Malcolm X.
||Brother Hinton X, a member of the Nation of Islam's Temple No. 7 in Harlem became symbolic both of police brutality and the growing strength of the Black Muslims in New York. On April 14, 1957 Hinton was beaten by New York City police officers. Malcolm X marshaled the Black Muslims and successfully demanded that Hinton be taken to a hospital for treatment. Hinton was eventually awarded $70,000 for the beating.
||Also known as Thomas 15X Johnson and later as Khalil Islam. He was a member of the Nation of Islam and part of its Fruit of Islam (FOI) cadre. Convicted of the 1965 assassination of Malcolm X. Like Norman 2X Butler, Johnson's direct involvement in the assassination has been doubted. He was paroled in 1985.
||Also known as Charles 37X Morris he was a close personal associate of Malcolm X. Kenyatta was a defense witness at the 1966 trial of Butler, Johnson and Hayer. Kenyatta is also a frequent source of information in Peter Goldman's biography The Death and Life of Malcolm X.
| C. Eric Lincoln
||Credited with coining the term "Black Muslim." Author of The Black Muslims in America (1961) an early and well-respected history of the Nation of Islam (NOI) and the Black Muslim movement. Lincoln's book influenced Thomas Butler's decision to join the NOI. Lincoln taught at Brown University in Rhode Island.
||Also known as Wilfred X. A member of the Nation of Islam (NOI) and brother of Malcolm X. Wilfred, like his other brother Philbert, denounced Malcolm when he split from the Nation of Islam.
|| Prominent black journalist. Wrote, The Negro Revolt (1962) and To Kill A Black Man (1968.) In the latter book Lomax wrote, "This society, this violent and corrupt American society, this racist American society assassinated both Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr. "
||1898-1972. She was the wife and "lifelong" companion of Elijah Muhammad. The was the mother of eight children. Nation of Islam educational institutions are called Sister Clara Muhammad Schools.
||Born Robert Poole in Sandersville, Georgia on or about Oct. 7, 1897. In 1923 Poole and his young family move north to Detroit, Michigan. In the autumn of 1931, he attended his first lecture by Master Fard Muhammad and immediately accepted it Fard's theology. On February 26, 1934, Master W. Fard Muhammad departed the scene leaving the Honorable Elijah Muhammad with the mission of overseeing the resurrection of the Black man and woman. Known as the "Messenger," Elijah Muhammad spent the rest of his life in the service of the Lost-Found Nation of Islam (NOI). He passed away in 1975.
| Lewis Michaux
||Owner of the National African Memorial Bookstore whose motto was "The House of Common Sense and Home of Proper Propaganda." Malcolm X and other black nationalists would frequent Michaux's bookstore for political and philosophical discussions.
| Khalid Abdul
||A former member of the Nation of Islam (NOI) and a one-time Farrakhan lieutenant, he was removed from his official position in 1994 because of his outspoken and strident anti-Semitism. Since his departure from NOI, he has founded the New Black Panther Party and he helped organize the Million Youth March in New York City..
| Wallace Muhammad
||Second son of Elijah Muhammad and Clara Evans. He left the NOI for a time complaining that some of its senior members were morally corrupt. He assumed leadership of part of the divided Nation of Islam after his father died in 1975. Wallace's approach was more traditional in its understanding of Islamic theology.
||Once known as Sister Betty X. Born in Detroit, she met her future husband, Malcolm X, when they were both members of the Nation of Islam (NOI). They were married in 1958. She was in the Audubon Ballroom with her four daughters and pregnant with twin daughters when Malcolm X was assassinated by Talmadge Hayer. In 1994, long after her estrangement from the NOI she accused Louis Farrakhan or orchestrating her husband's assassination. In 1995 she reconciled with Farrakhan and spoke at his Million Man March event in Washington, D.C. Betty Shabazz was seriously burned in a June 1, 1997 fire set by her grandson Malcolm Shabazz. She died on June 23.
| Percy Sutton
||Born and raised in Texas, Percy Sutton was a member of the NAACP when he met Malcolm X and became his lawyer. After Malcolm's assassination Sutton went on to become a successful "self-made" millionaire and New York politician. He was the Borough president of Manhattan and as president of the Inner City Broadcast Company he has been described as a "prominent business leader."
|Starting Lineup |
|Official Team Logo |
Born Louis Eugene Wolcott in the Bronx, New York on May 11, 1933 he was raised in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1955 he met Malcolm X and joined the Nation of Islam (NOI). Farrakhan became one of Elijah Muhammad's most trusted aids and he replaced the ex-communicated Malcolm X as head of the important Mosque No. 7 in Harlem. After Elijah Muhammad's death in 1975 Farrakhan emerged as the new leader of the NOI. While he has moderated some of the doctrine preached by Elijah Muhammad, Farrakhan remains controversial especially because of his anti-Semitic rhetoric. He has achieved some positive recognition for his efforts to raise the self-esteem of the African-American population in America through such events as the October 16, 1995 Million Man March in Washington, D.C.
|Founder of the Lost-Found Nation of Islam (NOI) and Elijah Muhammad's spiritual guide. Muhammad met Fard in Detroit in 1931. In 1934 Fard mysteriously disappeared from the scene. Some commentators speculate that Fard was an Arab immigrant from the Middle East. In any case his doctrine that blended Islam with Gnostic philosophy became the dogma preached by the Nation of Islam.|
|Marcus Garvey was born in 1887 in Jamaica, the youngest of eleven children. Garvey was an ardent black nationalist who strongly believed that blacks should separate themselves from the tyranny of the white race by returning to Africa. He became a social activist while working for a printer in Kingston. In 1912 he went to England and spent a considerable amount of time learning about Africa and her history. In 1916 he came to the United States and formulated his "Back to Africa" plan. To help accomplish the task of returning to Africa Garvey created the Black Star Line, a steamship company that would transport black people back to Africa. In 1925 the United States government tried and convicted Garvey on mail-fraud charges. He was sent to the federal prison in Atlanta. In 1927 he was released from prison and deported to Jamaica by president Calvin Coolidge. Garvey went back to England in 1935 and died in relative obscurity in 1940.|
|Born in Omaha in 1925 he became the most prominent and outspoken member of the black separatist Nation of Islam (NOI). In 1964 after a trip to Mecca and Africa he broke with the NOI and moderated his staunchly separatist views. Talmadge Hayer, an NOI member from New Jersey, assassinated Malcolm X in Harlem, New York on February 21, 1965. The circumstance of Malcolm X's death have given rise to a variety of conspiracy theories: Who is responsible for Malcolm X's death? Was it the Nation of Islam, was it the U.S. government, or was it the drug lords of the ghetto? Or is it, as Louis Lomax wrote, "this racist society" that is ultimately responsible?|
The ALLAHVILLE SHABAZZERS are a new cosmic team created on October 10, 1999. The SHABAZZERS will be active during Season 2000 in the cosmic Underleague.
The team is made up of men and women directly and indirectly related to the struggle of the African-American citizen to attain a better and happier life. The team is owned by Malcolm X and is reflective of his participation in that struggle. Malcolm Little, "Big Red", Malcolm X, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz...these are all names for a man who put himself in the middle of a race war with live bullets.
The history of that war begins over 400 years ago in the 17th Century when native Africans were shipped to the so-called New World as slaves. The history continues in the 18th Century as the United States is formed by men, credited with progressive political thought who, nevertheless, believed in the institution of slavery. The so-called white man's American history records the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th and 14th amendments to the United States Constitution. Despite these events the de facto enslavement of black Americans continued as a function of the capitalist economic system. Denied access to the fruits of their labor, the offspring of the original Africans suffered in very human ways.
Conditions for African-Americans did not improve in the 20th Century. The Red Summer of 1919 is testament to the continued plight of the African in America in the early part of the century. The emergence of a "Back to Africa" movement led by Marcus Garvey also reflected the despair and hopelessness of life in America for millions.
The so-called Civil Rights Movement began in 1955 when Ms. Rosa Parks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat to a white rider on a Montgomery, Alabama bus. And while everyone acknowledged the problem of racism in the nation, the solutions offered were themselves problematic. Broadly speaking there were the white and black liberals who ruled that integration was the solution. On the other side of the tracks were the black separatists who believed the answer to the problem was to keep the two races apart, spiritually and physically. In the middle, of course, were the confirmed and unrepentant racists, of both races, who denied segregation or integration: eradication was their final and ignorant solution.
Malcolm X grew up experiencing the conditions of the black man in America. His father, Earl Little, was a Baptist minister and supporter of Marcus Garvey. It has been speculated that Earl himself, found dead on the street when Malcolm was 6, was the victim of a racist killing. After his father's death his mother went crazy and soon she was institutionalized. Malcolm eventually ended up living with his half sister Ella Collins in Boston. Job opportunities for young black men in urban areas were limited: shoeshiners and train porters were typical vocations. An alternative was crime and Malcolm, by now known as "Big Red" and "Detroit Red" on the streets took the alternative route. Not surprisingly "Big Red" ended up in the Massachusetts prison system, convicted of burglary in 1946. As he describes himself in his Autobiography (written with Alex Haley) he was enchanted with the white man; he emulated the white man, in dress and style.
By the time Malcolm X left prison in 1952 he had undergone another radical transformation. He had joined Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam. Also known as the Black Muslims, their theology taught among other things that the white man was the devil. The so-called Negro in America was actually a descendant of the lost tribe of Shabazz. Shabazz was one of the original scientists created by Allah. He took a group of people to East Africa and it was the descendants of Shabazz that were transported to the New World as slaves.
Malcolm X became the most eloquent orator for the Nation of Islam's philosophy. The Black Muslims were separatists, of course, because they viewed the white man as the devil. The white man was observably, empirically the source of all the black man's suffering.
Malcolm X eventually broke with the Nation of Islam and some believe he was assassinated by members of its paramilitary wing, the Fruit of Islam. In fact, three members of the Nation were tried and convicted of the crime. However, there are others who believe the United States government was behind the assassination and still others who believe it was the "drug lords" who had him shot. With regard to the "drug lord" theory it is argued that because Malcolm X preached a strict moral code of behavior his influence would be counterproductive to their interests in keeping the ghetto stoned.
The struggle continues today. The race war is still being fought. The issue of integration versus separation is still being debated, nobody seems to have the answer. And while knowledge in this post-industrial era is marketed as power, our alchemists have yet to find a way to convert knowledge into wisdom. The continuing history of the race war in America is testimony to this sad truth.